• +86-021-56880580
  • benny.xu.jianmo@gmail.com


When you register a company in China, you must have some doubts about the relationship between all postions inthe company. Let us to explain.
Director: a director is a person with actual power and authority who is democratically elected by the company's shareholders or employees to manage the company's affairs. He is the main force in the company's internal governance. He manages the company's affairs internally and conducts economic activities on behalf of the company externally.

Legal representative: first of all, the legal person of the company refers to the legal representative, who is the person in charge of the enterprise and enjoys the right of operation and management and bears the legal responsibility of the enterprise. Generally speaking, enterprise legal person is the shareholder of the company, but, as long as the shareholder of the company can form effective resolution of the shareholders' meeting, the person other than the shareholder can also act as the legal person of the company.

General manager: the general manager is traditionally the top leader or founder of a company. In practice, however, the hierarchy of the general manager will vary depending on the size of the company. For example, in small and medium-sized enterprises, the general manager is usually the most senior manager and responsible person in the whole organization. In a larger organization, such as a multinational, the role of the general manager is usually that of the head of a business or branch.

Supervisor: a supervisor is a member of the company's permanent supervisory body, also known as the "supervisor", who is responsible for monitoring the company's financial situation, the performance of the duties of the company's senior managers, and other supervisory duties stipulated in the company's articles of association. In China, the supervisory body composed of supervisors is called the board of supervisors, which is the necessary statutory supervision body of a company. Supervisors are usually composed of representatives of shareholders and employees, but may not concurrently serve as legal persons.


1. Directors and supervisors shall be elected by the shareholders (general assembly), without other means; But it does not mean that both directors and supervisors must be shareholders. As shown in the picture of the article, besides shareholders' representatives, directors also have employees' representatives. In addition to shareholder representatives, supervisors also have employee representatives and non-company professionals (legal, accounting and other professional personnel).

2. The director is not necessarily a shareholder, which means that the chairman or executive director is not necessarily a shareholder; Similarly, the chairman of the board of supervisors is not necessarily a shareholder.

3. The chairman of the board may be elected by the board of directors, or may be directly prescribed by the articles of association or otherwise; The executive director may be elected/appointed/appointed by the board of shareholders or may be directly prescribed by the articles of association.

4. As stipulated in the company law, the manager is usually the general manager/President, who is the specific executor of the operating decisions of the board of directors/chairman/executive director (not the role of department manager that we usually understand in the organizational structure).The manager is appointed or dismissed by the board of directors or the executive director. So managers are not necessarily shareholders.

5. The chairman of the board may concurrently be the manager or the executive director may concurrently be the manager.

6. The legal representative of the company can only be the chairman, executive director or manager.