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China's economy has undergone a spectacular transformation from a shortage economy to a trading power, and the reform and opening-up measures are being and will continue to be launched.

 
China's economy has undergone a spectacular transformation from a shortage economy to a trading power, and the reform and opening-up measures are being and will continue to be launched.
 
Profound changes have been taken place in the rules of global trade. From a bystander and follower to an important participant, maintainer and policymaker today, China's economy equivalent continues to grow and will have an increasing impact on the world economy.
 
Experts believe that in the process of economic transformation and upgrading, some important contradictions and constraints have begun to emerge, and the urgency and importance of building a strong trade country has become prominent. In the face of uncertain factors, we should stick to our own work and push the foreign trade industry from big to strong through deepening reform and opening up.
 
In the process of upgrading the foreign trade industry, some unstable and uncertain factors cannot be ignored. On the one hand, global growth is slowing. On the other hand, uncertainties in trade relations and the rise of anti-globalization and trade protectionism.
 
Since the reform and opening up, especially after China's entry into the wto, China's foreign trade industry has developed rapidly and achieved great achievements in terms of scale, quality and structure.The policy of opening to the outside world gives foreign trade enterprises the opportunity to absorb and utilize various advanced production factors abroad and become industry leaders.At the same time, foreign trade enterprises and all kinds of domestic enterprises form a strong link, maintain a strong comparative advantage.
 
From 2013 to 2018, China has been the world's largest trading country in goods, according to data from the national bureau of statistics.In 2018, China's imports and exports of goods accounted for 11.8 percent of the world's total, with exports accounting for 12.8 percent and imports for 10.8 percent.
 
In terms of quality, from 1999 to 2018, high-tech products accounted for 30% of China's exports, up from 12.7%.
 
From 1978 to 2018, China's trading partners grew from 40 to more than 230. Since the "One Belt And One Road" initiative was put forward, the trade relationship between China and countries along the route has become closer and closer. From 2013 to 2018, the import and export of goods between China and countries along the "One Belt And One Road" route exceeded us $6 trillion, with an annual growth rate of 4%, higher than the overall growth rate of China's trade in goods at the same period, accounting for 27.4% of the total.
 
While exports are important, imports cannot be ignored." In the eyes of some people, export is a money-making business while import is a money-spending business. Attaching importance to import trade will help expand the scope of optimal allocation of resources. While strengthening weak spots cannot be separated from the integration of domestic resources, it is also necessary to expand the scope of optimal allocation of resources worldwide.
 
In general, the transformation from big to strong is a gradual process. We need to create a favorable environment for gathering key elements such as capital, industry, technology and talents. To balance development, pay attention to export and import in parallel; We should actively develop and improve the relationship, and take technology as a hard responsibility to develop characteristic products.
 
China will open its door wider and wider, expanding its circle of friends and gradually increase the depth, breadth and scientific and technological content of its foreign trade.